The Facebook inspired race-hatred Anglo-Saxons with support from their fascists mainland European counterparts are still following me on their social media sites and ran another run-in on my local high street to see my reaction prior to an attack. This time I informed the police who I understand took decisive action. I thank the UK police for that. I am still capturing the faces of the individuals involved and will begin to post them online as race-hate fascists.
1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre in global context; and what it tells us about Brexit
13th April 1919, people gathered in the large public park of Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to celebrate the Sikh holy festival of Vaisakhi. Soon the park’s exits were blocked and Acting Brigadier-General Dyer ordered his troops to fire on the peaceful gathering until all their rifle ammunition was spent. More than 1,000 children, women, and men were murdered.
Last week was the 100th anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. It took 100 years for the British government to express regret withholding a full formal apology for its murderous intent and actions – former Prime Ministers and even the Queen have had opportunities before now, but demurred. Is an apology sufficient? Many say not, pointing out that justice has not been served.
Others, in commenting on the anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, notably a University of London academic specializing in Sikh and Panjab studies, have taken a different and more worrying stance altogether: stating that commemoration shouldn’t become some ‘kind of trauma exercise’, that the massacre must be contextualized in terms of the values of the time, and that emphasis should be laid on positive UK-India relations. This, frankly, is a farcical position to take; and invites deeply flawed analysis.
All massacre is traumatic and we shouldn’t lose our humanity by disavowing it; and placing an event and experience in its ‘context’ requires more than just presenting and implicitly defending the perpetrators’ motives.
In this essay, I put the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in the context of (1) the global politics and imperial and racial inhumanity of the period, (2) the rise of subaltern movements of resistance against this; and I discuss how Brexit ideology will breed government-sanctioned terror and violence in the UK, just as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre was government-sanctioned.
Subjugation and its discontents:
The 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in the shadow of two astounding movements for radical socio-political change. Both reached their apotheosis in 1917: The first was Lenin’s 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the second was Gandhi’s warning of mass passive protest unless the British abolished indenture of Indians around the globe. Gandhi, Jinnah and Annie Besant spent much of 1917 organising and participating in passive protests by the masses. Gandhi and Lenin were in correspondence with each other when the former was still in South Africa; and they enjoyed each other’s mutual admiration and respect for reaching out and awakening the desire for self-determination and dignity amongst their respective masses.
Lenin and Gandhi successfully repelled Tsarist Russia and British India by loosening their power over the peasantry. In India, Gandhi took to his heart the plight of the so-called ‘untouchables’, encouraging them to envision a better future for themselves and to question the motives of the British. In doing so, he dealt a severe blow to the British Empire’s stability.
The British Empire could sense its impending loss of power and dominion over India, and by extension over other parts of its world. This was fortified by the events of 13th April 1919 in Amritsar – the murder of more than 1,000 peaceful people in a walled-in space with no hope of escape. That General Dyer was later held to account for his unprovoked massacre in an investigation was of no consequence to the Indians. The massacre revealed, fully and finally, the British Empire’s intent, and its attitudes to the people of India. Faith, such as there was, in UK-India relations were shattered.
The 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a critical turning point in the Indian nationalist agenda. Gandhi and others no longer worked towards achieving partial autonomy in partnership with their British colonizers – henceforth, the goal and demand was nothing short of Indian independence.
Waning Euro-American power and rising race-murder:
Unlike Tsarist Russia, which had no chance of repelling the revolution or subjugating people any longer, the Euro-American imperialists and race fanatics descended deeper into race-hate and violence when their dominion was risked.
The USA, for example, taking lessons from the rise against British imperialism in India, doubled its efforts to subjugate its own cohort of enslaved and subjugated people. The period between 1915 and 1920 saw the second highest recorded number of African-American lynchings in the US. Black servicemen in their army and navy uniforms were routinely targeted by mobs, kidnapped, tortured, had their fingers cuts off as crowds gathered to watch in a festive atmosphere, and eventually – caked in blood – they were set alight and burned to death.
In the USA, furthermore, at this time black women were tortured, mutilated, raped with anything that came to hand, hung upside down, their stomachs cut open if they were pregnant and their unborn children stamped on by cheering crowds as they fell to the ground. Photographs were sold as souvenirs to crowds that at times swelled to 10,000, as people avidly shared details from the newspapers about the time and date of the next lynching. The period from 1916 to 1922 witnessed the largest wave of labour strikes in US history. In 1919, in Arkansas, marauding white men killed up to 273 blacks in the Elaine massacre, in one of the most brutal race-hate events in the country’s history.
Let’s not forget that the lynching and murder of black people in the USA in the twentieth century took place not only in the shadow of the rise of the subaltern elsewhere in the world – including in the form of Indian nationalism; it took place in the context of the US government’s historical and critical need for black soldiers in, but not limited to the following, wars:
Revolutionary war of 1775, in which the conscripted numbers of black soldiers rose from 9,000 to 25,000 (by 1776, most black soldiers were not listed as such)
1812: one quarter of the naval squadron was comprised of black people
American civil war included 186,000 black soldiers, who formed 16 units
Indian wars of 1863: black people formed part of several infantry and cavalry regiments
Spanish-American war: black people formed 7 regiments in the National Guard and 5 voluntary regiments
The kind of Anglo-Saxon / Euro-American race brutality, and its vicious tortures, was representative of an entire era of European imperialism, and American slavery, and extended of course to the treatment of the Maori and Aborigines of the Pacific. And it is celebrated…
Race-European newspapers like the UK’s Daily Mail, and its counterparts in the US and Australia, have run gleeful, self-congratulatory stories about the Yamnaya race of people from the north Caucasus, and their rampant psychopathic murdering activities which wiped out the brown-skinned population of most of western Europe – after the Arya (Indians) had migrated back to their ancestral and spiritual home, leaving behind among other things Sanskrit-language names that continue to exist today. Note: the word Yamnaya (and Yamna for the culture of these people) in Sanskrit actually means one who is awakened and of a highly peaceful nature. Like most Indian words it is used by the race-Europeans to convey the complete opposite. The same is true of the word swastika that is synonymous with the Third Reich – in Sanskrit it represents awakened consciousness in tune with, and living in harmony with, the natural environment.
The underlying motive of the violence conducted by the descendants of the Yamnaya – in the form of the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre to name just one, by the Americans against African-Americans, and elsewhere across the globe in time and space – has been to prevent the impending demise of their psychopathic pursuit of race-European superiority.
The 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre of peaceful Indians in Amristar was predicated on the fear that Britain would haemorrhage wealth unless the Indians were brought to heel through fear, humiliation and murder, and a slave-subjugation mentality revived in them. Regardless that as in the American case, the Indians offered their aid to the British in the 1914-18 war.
Brexiteers in the UK today think that leaving Europe will help re-establish British power and dominion in the c21st, and give rise to a Commonwealth 2.0 full of people ready to be enslaved all over again, while the island itself is ethnically purified. They believe that other countries can and will be forced to sign trade agreements with Brexit-Britain which effectively sign them up to have their resources pillaged for generations to come. However, the British government knows what the public does not, which is that without cheap (east) European labour the British economy will implode, creating civil unrest and war, leading ethnic violence and murder, on the scale of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. On the other hand, no Brexit will very likely entail the same outcome – such is the strength of nostalgia for a gilded British imperial past.
Simply in administering a referendum on the very issue the UK government has implicitly sanctioned full-scale ethnic murder on this small island by Brexiteering indigenes against perceived ‘others’. It has always been thus. Consider the Brexiteer (aka racist) mindset of the person who ordered the massacre of a thousand picnicking people on an auspicious spring day – his act was sanctioned implicitly, if not explicitly, by a colonial government fearing for its very existence. And though he was effectively put out to pasture after his inhuman act, his funeral was a state occasion – only slightly lower in rank than that given to royalty.